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Typical noise exposure in daily life.

Authors
Flamme-GA; Stephenson-MR; Deiters-K; Tatro-A; Van Gessel-D; Geda-K; Wyllys-K; McGregor-K
Source
Int J Audiol 2012 Feb; 51(S1):S3-S11
NIOSHTIC No.
20040235
Abstract
Objective: Identify the distribution of typical noise levels present in daily life and identify factors associated with average sound levels. Design: This was an observational study. Study sample: Participants (N=286) were 20 to 68 year old men and women, drawn from the general population of Kalamazoo County, Michigan. A total of 73,000 person-hours of noise monitoring were conducted. Results: Median overall daily average levels were 79 and 77 dBLeq A,8,equiv, with average levels exceeding EPA recommended levels for 70% of participants. Median levels were similar between the hours of 9 a.m. and 9 p.m., and varied little across days of the week. Gender, occupational classification, and history of occupational noise exposure were related to average noise levels, but age, educational attainment, and non-occupational noise exposures were not. Conclusions: A large portion of the general population is exposed to noise levels that could result in long-term adverse effects on hearing. Gender and occupation were most strongly related to exposure, though most participants in this study had occupations that are not conventionally considered noisy.
Keywords
Humans; Men; Women; Age-groups; Acoustical-measurements; Noise; Noise-exposure; Noise-induced-hearing-loss; Noise-levels; Noise-measurement; Exposure-limits; Exposure-levels; Sound; Hearing; Hearing-level; Hearing-loss; Environmental-exposure; Author Keywords: Hearing loss; noise-induced; occupational noise; environmental exposure
Contact
Gregory A. Flamme, Department of Speech Pathology and Audiology, Western Michigan University, 1903 Michigan Ave., Kalamazoo, MI 49008-5355
CODEN
IJANGS
Publication Date
20120201
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
greg.flamme@wmich.edu
Funding Type
Contract
Fiscal Year
2012
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Contract-211-2009-31218; B02012012
ISSN
1499-2027
NIOSH Division
DART
Priority Area
Manufacturing; Mining
Source Name
International Journal of Audiology
State
MI; OH
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