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Sociocultural contexts and worker safety and health: findings of a study with Chinese immigrant restaurant workers.

Authors
Tsai-J; Bruck-A
Source
AAOHN J 2009 Feb; 57(2):51-58
NIOSHTIC No.
20040199
Abstract
More immigrants are seeking employment in restaurants. Drawing data from an ethnographic study, this article discusses what and how sociocultural contexts shape the safety and health of immigrant restaurant workers. Eighteen Chinese immigrants from China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan participated in the study. Data generation methods included a questionnaire, individual and focus group interviews, and participant observations. Ethnographic analysis revealed that immigration mechanisms, demands of English proficiency for employment, and existence of networks and ethnic communities shaped the participants' employment choices. Working hours and schedules, interpersonal relationships at work, job design and training, occupational safety and health training, and national events and economy further influenced the participants' occupational experiences and well-being. Issues were noted with job security, mental health, family relationships, and risks for occupational injuries and illnesses. Implications for occupational health nursing research and practice to reduce immigrant workers' vulnerability to poor safety and health outcomes conclude this article.
Keywords
Racial-factors; Sociology; Sociological-factors; Questionnaires; Epidemiology; Statistical-analysis; Psychological-effects; Psychological-reactions; Demographic-characteristics
CODEN
AAJOEP
Publication Date
20090201
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2009
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R03-OH-007840
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
0891-0162
Source Name
AAOHN Journal - American Association of Occupational Health Nurses Journal
State
WA
Performing Organization
University of Washington School of Nursing
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