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Association between depressive symptoms and metabolic syndrome in police officers: results from two cross-sectional studies.

Authors
Hartley-TA; Knox-SS; Fekedulegn-D; Barbosa-Leiker-C; Violanti-JM; Andrew-ME; Burchfiel-CM
Source
J Environ Public Health 2012 Jan; 2012:861219
NIOSHTIC No.
20040192
Abstract
Policing is one of the most dangerous and stressful occupations and such stress can have deleterious effects on health. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between depressive symptoms and metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) in male and female police officers from two study populations, Buffalo, NY and Spokane,WA. Depressive symptoms were measured using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression (CES-D) scale. MetSyn was defined using the 2005 AHA/NHBLI guidelines. Analysis of covariance was used to describe differences in number of MetSyn components across depressive symptom categories. The number of MetSyn components increased significantly across categories of CES-D for Spokane men only (p-trend = 0.003). For each 5- unit increase in CES-D score, odds increased by 47.6% for having hypertriglyceridemia, by 51.8% for having hypertension, and by 56.7% for having glucose intolerance. Exploring this association is important since both are predictors of future chronic health problems and the results could be helpful in developing future gender-specific prevention and intervention efforts among police officers.
Keywords
Law-enforcement-workers; Police-officers; Job-stress; Mental-stress; Mental-health; Metabolic-disorders; Men; Women; Epidemiology; Emotional-stress; Employee-health; Hypertension
Contact
Tara A. Hartley, Biostatistics and Epidemiology Branch, Health Effects Laboratory Division, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
Publication Date
20120101
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
thartley@cdc.gov
Funding Type
Contract
Fiscal Year
2012
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Contract-200-2003-01580; B02012012
ISSN
1687-9805
NIOSH Division
HELD
Priority Area
Services: Public Safety
Source Name
Journal of Environmental and Public Health
State
WV; WA; NY
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