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Use of direct reading surface sampling methods for site characterization and remediation of methamphetamine contaminated properties.

Authors
Snawder-JE; Striley-CAF; Esswein-EJ; Hessel-J; Sammons-DL; Robertson-SA; Johnson-BC; MacKenzie-BA; Smith-JP; Walker-CV
Source
Surface and Dermal Sampling. Brisson M, Ashley K, eds., West Conshohocken PA: ASTM International, STP 1533, 2011 Nov; :297-312
NIOSHTIC No.
20040188
Abstract
Residual methamphetamine contamination in Clandestine laboratories represents a hazard to emergency response personnel, remediation workers and the general public. To address this threat, two rapid, sensitive surface sampling techniques to assess the location and level of methamphetamine contamination were developed. Both methods employ established industrial hygiene surface sampling materials (wipes and swabs) but differ in their sensitivity and detection technology. One method, based on colorimetric disclosure, detects and confirms a collected sample or visible residues. The second method uses a lateral flow immunochemical assay (LFIA) for semi-quantitative detection of trace contamination. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) partnered with public health agencies to develop applications of the methods for assessment of methamphetamine contamination of suspected properties. These applications focused on safe strategies for site assessment, hazard characterization, and remediation effectiveness. To conduct the field studies, NIOSH researchers and their partners visited more than a dozen suspected laboratories including mobile labs, abandoned properties, occupied residences, and motel rooms. NIOSH found greater than 95 percent agreement between positive identification of the presence of methamphetamine by LFIA and laboratory-based, liquid chromatography mass spectroscopy (LC-MS) methods. Test results were used to develop site assessments and make personal protective equipment recommendations. Results were also used to conduct process-based decontamination of properties and to make health-based decisions on remediation, re-occupancy of residences, as well as determine the degree of contamination of personal property in an inactive clandestine laboratory. By partnering with stakeholders, NIOSH was able to achieve two primary goals: (1) to develop a level of awareness in health department sanitarians, law enforcement personnel and other first responders that methamphetamine surface contamination was a potentially significant route of exposure; (2) to validate our methods in the field and to develop protocols for proper use and interpretation of the results. Reprinted from: J ASTM Int 2011 Jun; 8(6) http://dx.doi.org/10.1520/JAI103481
Keywords
Sampling; Sampling-methods; Sampling-equipment; Surface-properties; Drugs; Industrial-hygiene; Colorimetry; Liquid-chromatography; Mass-spectrometry; Decontamination; Environmental-contamination; Laboratories; Health-hazards; Hazardous-materials; Hazardous-waste-cleanup; Emergency-responders; Law-enforcement-workers; Police-officers; Immunochemistry; Testing-equipment; Public-health; Sanitation; Exposure-assessment; Personal-protection; Personal-protective-equipment; Author Keywords: clandestine lab; methamphetamine; surface wipe; real-time; direct reading
Contact
John E Snawder, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, M.S. R-7, Cincinnati, OH 45226-1998
CAS No.
537-46-2
Publication Date
20111101
Document Type
Book or book chapter
Email Address
jts5@cdc.gov
Editors
Brisson-M; Ashley-K
Fiscal Year
2012
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
ISBN No.
9780803175198
NIOSH Division
DART
Priority Area
Construction; Transportation, Warehousing and Utilities
Source Name
Surface and Dermal Sampling
State
OH; CO; TX; PA
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