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Vapor conjugation of toluene diisocyanate to specific lysines of human albumin.

Authors
Hettick-JM; Siegel-PD; Green-BJ; Liu-J; Wisnewski-AV
Source
Anal Biochem 2012 Feb; 421(2):706-711
NIOSHTIC No.
20040181
Abstract
Exposure to toluene diisocyanate (TDI), an industrially important crosslinking agent used in the production of polyurethane products, can cause asthma in sensitive workers. Albumin has been identified as a major reaction target for TDI in vivo, and TDI-albumin reaction products have been proposed to serve as exposure biomarkers and to act as asthmagens, yet they remain incompletely characterized. In the current study, we used a multiplexed tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) approach to identify the sites of albumin conjugation by TDI vapors, modeling the air/liquid interface of the lung. Vapor phase TDI was found to react with human albumin in a dose-dependent manner, with up to 18 potential sites of conjugation, the most susceptible being Lys351 and the dilysine site Lys413-414. Sites of vapor TDI conjugation to albumin were quantitatively limited compared with those recently described for liquid phase TDI, especially in domains IIA and IIIB of albumin. We hypothesize that the orientation of albumin at the air/liquid interface plays an important role in vapor TDI conjugation and, thus, could influence biological responses to exposure and the development of in vitro assays for exposure and immune sensitivity.
Keywords
Toluenes; Polyurethane-foams; Biomarkers; Exposure-levels; Exposure-limits; Chemical-reactions; Chemical-composition; Mass-spectrometry; Vapors; Models; Lung; Lung-function; Lung-tissue; Lung-disorders; Humans; Men; Women; Immune-reaction; Immune-system; Immune-system-disorders; Immunologic-disorders; Author Keywords: Toluene diisocyanate; Human serum albumin; Tandem mass spectrometry; Allergy
Contact
Justin M. Hettick, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Health Effects Laboratory Division, Morgantown, WV 26505
CODEN
ANBCA2
CAS No.
584-84-9
Publication Date
20120215
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
jhettick@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2012
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
0003-2697
NIOSH Division
HELD
Priority Area
Manufacturing
Source Name
Analytical Biochemistry
State
CT; WV
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