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Hazard ID: fire fighting hazards during propane tank fires.

Authors
Braddee-RW; Washenitz-FC II; Flesch-JP
Source
Appl Occup Environ Hyg 2001 Jul; 16(7):721-722
NIOSHTIC No.
20040168
Abstract
On April 15, 1998, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) investigated the line-of-duty deaths of two volunteer fire fighters (Report No. 98F14). The investigation was part of the NIOSH Fire Fighter Fatality Investigation and Prevention Program. Both fire fighters were part of a volunteer fire department that responded to an 18,000-gallon bulk propane tank fire. The fire started after unprotected external piping from the tank was struck by an all-terrain vehicle and the propane vapors were ignited by a pilot flame from a nearby vaporizer. Upon arrival at the fire scene, the firefighters watered down the buildings adjacent to the propane tank and allowed the tank to burn itself out, since the tank was venting. About 8 minutes after the fire fighters arrived, the tank exploded, separated into four parts, and flew in four directions. The two fire fighters (who were approximately 105 feet from the tank) were struck by a piece of the exploding tank and killed instantly. Six other fire fighters and a deputy sheriff were injured as a result of the explosion. Such explosions may occur whenever flames contact propane tanks.
Keywords
Accident-prevention; Fire-fighting; Propanes; Explosive-gases; Emergency-response; Storage-containers; Hazardous-materials; Work-practices; Training; Flammable-gases; Fire-hazards; Mortality-data
CODEN
AOEHE9
CAS No.
74-98-6
Publication Date
20010701
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
2001
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
7
ISSN
1047-322X
NIOSH Division
DSR; EID
Source Name
Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
State
WV; OH
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