Ergonomic exposure case studies in Massachusetts fishing vessels.
Am J Ind Med 2002 Aug; 42(S2):10-18
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders may not have been studied as much as greater risks in the dangerous environment of commercial fishing. Primary prevention of risk for these kinds of injuries and illnesses begins by a detailed understanding of what risks are likely to be common in the different fisheries, and how those risks might be reduced. METHODS: Ergonomic job analyses were conducted on three different types of fishing vessels in Massachusetts: gillnetting, otter trawling, and lobstering. Direct observation was used to link posture to task. Noise measurements, tool analysis, and cycle time measurements were also included. RESULTS: Production speed, materials handling, and vessel movement contributed to musculoskeletal stress by affecting observable postural deviation, repetition, and forceful exertions. CONCLUSIONS: Interventions to reduce ergonomic risk factors might be possible through utilization of below deck space in certain boats, through better technology, or through simple tool adjustments.
Fishing-industry; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Ergonomics; Work-environment; Job-analysis; Posture; Task-performance; Noise; Tools; Environmental-hazards; Exposure-assessment; Force; Repetitive-work; Seaman; Physical-stress; Risk-factors; Human-factors-engineering; Control-technology; Cumulative-trauma-disorders;
Author Keywords: fishing vessel; ergonomics; musculoskeletal; cumulative trauma
Scott Fulmer MS, Department of Work Environment, University of Massachusetts Lowell, Lowell, MA, 01854
Cooperative Agreement; Agriculture
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
The Mary Imogene Bassett Hospital, Cooperstown, New York