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Occupation and the prevalence of respiratory health symptoms and conditions: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study.

Authors
Mirabelli-MC; London-SJ; Charles-LE; Pompeii-LA; Wagenknecht-LE
Source
J Occup Environ Med 2012 Feb; 54(2):157-165
NIOSHTIC No.
20040135
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: To examine associations between occupation and respiratory health in a large, population-based cohort of adults in the United States. METHODS: Data from 15,273 participants, aged 45 to 64 years, in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study were used to examine associations of current or most recent job held with the prevalence of self-reported chronic cough, chronic bronchitis, wheezing, asthma, and measures of lung function collected by spirometry. RESULTS: Eleven percent of participants reported wheezing and 9% were classified as having airway obstruction. Compared with individuals in managerial and administrative jobs, increased prevalences of respiratory outcomes were observed among participants in selected occupations, including construction and extractive trades (wheezing, prevalence ratio = 1.92, 95% confidence interval = 1.35, 2.73; airway obstruction, prevalence ratio = 1.31, 95% confidence interval = 1.05, 1.65). CONCLUSIONS: Specific occupations are associated with adverse respiratory health.
Keywords
Humans; Men; Women; Respiration; Respiratory-system-disorders; Pulmonary-disorders; Pulmonary-function; Pulmonary-system; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Lung; Lung-disorders; Lung-function; Lung-irritants; Disease-transmission; Diseases; Spirometry; Airway-obstruction; Air-quality; Exposure-levels; Exposure-limits; Epidemiology; Statistical-analysis
Contact
Maria C. Mirabelli, PhD, Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC 27157
CODEN
JOEMFM
Publication Date
20120201
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
mmirabel@wakehealth.edu
Fiscal Year
2012
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
B01182012
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
1076-2752
NIOSH Division
HELD
Source Name
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
State
NC; TX; WV
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