Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

Assessing heat-adaptive behaviors among older, urban-dwelling adults.

Authors
White-Newsome-JL; Sánchez-BN; Parker-EA; Dvonch-JT; Zhang-Z; O'Neill-MS
Source
Maturitas 2011 Sep; 70(1):85-91
NIOSHTIC No.
20040098
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: Health studies have shown that the elderly are at a greater risk to extreme heat. The frequency and intensity of summer heat waves will continue to increase as a result of climate change. It is important that we understand the environmental and structural factors that increase heat vulnerability, as well as examine the behaviors used by the elderly to adapt to hot indoor temperatures. STUDY DESIGN: From June 1 to August 31, 2009, residents in 29 homes in Detroit, MI, kept an hourly log of eight heat-adaptive behaviors: opening windows/doors, turning fans or the air conditioner on, changing clothes, taking a shower, going to the basement, the porch/yard, or leaving the house. Percentages of hourly behavior were calculated, overall and stratified by housing type and percent surface imperviousness. The frequency of behavior use, as a result of indoor and outdoor predetermined temperature intervals was compared to a reference temperature range of 21.1-23.8°C. RESULTS: The use of all adaptive behaviors, except going to the porch or yard, was significantly associated with indoor temperature. Non-mechanical adaptations such as changing clothes, taking showers, and going outside or to the basement were rarely used. Residents living in high-rises and highly impervious areas reported a higher use of adaptive behaviors. The odds of leaving the house significantly increased as outdoor temperature increased. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that the full range of heat adaptation measures may be underused by the elderly and public health interventions need to focus on outreach to these populations.
Keywords
Humans; Men; Women; Age-groups; Age-factors; Heat; Heat-exposure; Heat-stress; Heat-stroke; Environmental-exposure; Environmental-factors; Exposure-levels; Exposure-limits; Behavior; Temperature-effects; Temperature-control; Author Keywords: Elderly; Adaptation; Public health intervention; Imperviousness; Indoor heat exposure; Climate change
Contact
Jalonne L. White-Newsome, University of Michigan School of Public Health, Environmental Health Sciences Department, 109 S. Observatory, SPH II, Rm. M6314, Ann Arbor, MI 48109
CODEN
MATUDK
Publication Date
20110901
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
jalonne@umich.edu
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2011
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-T42-OH-008455; B01182012
Issue of Publication
1
ISSN
0378-5122
Source Name
Maturitas
State
MI
Performing Organization
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
TOP