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Getting there from here: research on the effects of work-family initiatives on work-family conflict and business outcomes.

Authors
Kelly-EL; Kossek-EE; Hammer-LB; Durham-M; Bray-J; Chermack-K; Murphy-LA; Kaskubarh-D
Source
Acad Manage Ann 2008 Jan; 2(1):305-349
NIOSHTIC No.
20040060
Abstract
Many employing organizations have adopted work-family policies, programs, and benefits. Yet managers in employing organizations simply do not know what organizational initiatives actually reduce work-family conflict and how these changes are likely to impact employees and the organization. We examine scholarship that addresses two broad questions: first, do work-family initiatives reduce employees' work-family conflict and/or improve work-family enrichment? Second, does reduced work-family conflict improve employees' work outcomes and, especially, business outcomes at the organizational level? We review over 150 peer-reviewed studies from a number of disciplines in order to summarize this rich literature and identify promising avenues for research and conceptualization. We propose a research agenda based on four primary conclusions: the need for more multi-level research, the necessity of an interdisciplinary approach, the benefits of longitudinal studies that employ quasi-experimental or experimental designs and the challenges of translating research into practice in effective ways.
Keywords
Analytical-processes; Behavior; Employee-health; Families; Occupational-health; Occupational-psychology; Psychological-effects; Psychological-processes; Psychological-responses; Psychological-stress; Supervisory-personnel; Training; Work-environment; Workplace-studies; Work-practices
Publication Date
20080101
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
kelly101@umn.edu
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
2008
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U01-OH-008788
Issue of Publication
1
ISSN
1941-6520
Source Name
The Academy of Management Annals
State
OR; MN; NC; MI
Performing Organization
Portland State University
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