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Trends in fatal occupational falls in the U.S. construction industry, 1992-2008.

Authors
Dong-S
Source
Proceedings of the 2010 International Conference on Fall Prevention and Protection May 19-20, 2010, Morgantown, WV. Morgantown, WV: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 2010 May; :79
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
20040013
Abstract
Falls are the leading cause of death in the U.S. construction industry, accounting for one-third of all construction fatal injuries. In recent years, the overall death rate of construction workers has declined, but deaths from falls remain high. Objectives: This study examined the patterns and trends of fatal falls in construction, analyzed demographics and characteristics of fatal falls among construction workers, identified high-risk occupations and populations, and provided insight to improve fall protections and interventions. Methods: Two large national datasets, the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries and the Current Population Survey, were analyzed. Results: The number of deaths from falls among construction workers totaled 6,300 from 1992 to 2008. Rates of fatal falls varied among occupations in which ironworkers, roofers, and construction laborers ranked the highest. Fatal falls also accounted for nearly 40% of deaths among Hispanic workers compared with just 31% for non-Hispanic workers. Most deaths caused by falls occurred primarily with workers aged 25 to 54 years, but were more prevalent among those youngest and oldest. In addition, most fatal falls among construction workers were found to be caused by falls to a lower level. Conclusions: Older workers, young workers, and especially young Hispanic workers have a higher risk of work-related falls than other construction workers on average. Prevention strategies to reduce fall injuries and fatalities should focus on these populations.
Keywords
Accident-potential; Accident-prevention; Accidents; Accident-statistics; Age-factors; Construction; Construction-industry; Construction-workers; Equipment-design; Fall-protection; Health-protection; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Mortality-rates; Protective-equipment; Protective-measures; Racial-factors; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Safety-education; Safety-engineering; Safety-measures; Safety-practices; Safety-programs; Safety-research; Statistical-analysis; Training; Traumatic-injuries; Work-analysis; Workplace-studies
Publication Date
20100519
Document Type
Abstract
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement; Construction
Fiscal Year
2010
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U60-OH-009762
Priority Area
Construction
Source Name
Proceedings of the 2010 International Conference on Fall Prevention and Protection May 18-20, 2010, Morgantown, WV
State
WV; MD
Performing Organization
CPWR - The Center for Construction Research and Training, Silver Spring, Maryland
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