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Hazard recognition for ironworkers: preventing falls and close calls - updated findings.

Scharf-T; Hunt-J III; McCann-M; Pierson-K; Repmann-R; Migliaccio-F; Limanowski-J; Creegan-J; Bowers-D; Happe-J; Jones-A
Research and Practice for Fall Injury Control in the Workplace: Proceedings of International Conference on Fall Prevention and Protection. Morgantown, WV: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2012-103, 2011 Nov; :196-201
This is an update of preliminary findings [Scharf, et al. 2009] from a study to: 1) evaluate two hazard recognition training interventions to prevent falls and close calls in construction;2) investigate the situations, hazards, and precursors for falls and close calls;3) develop a taxonomy of precursors to increased risks for falls & close calls; 4) identify the barriers to reporting and correcting these risky situations; 5) connect these observations to the complex interrelationships of productivity, work-load, safety, and risks for injury in hazardous work environments; and to 6) recommend crewbased organizational changes to promote communication about, and rapid mitigation of such workplace hazards. Preliminary results from the curriculum evaluation are limited to a report of participants' work experiences. A summary of the preliminary findings from the focus groups and a proposal for a study of incidents, injuries, and illnesses situated within local unions are both described. Falls continue to cause the largest number of fatalities and a major proportion of injuries in the construction industry every year [BLS 2009; NIOSH 2004]. Constantly changing hazardous work environments like construction impose a dual-attention demand on workers [Kidd, et al. 1996; Kowalksi-Trakofler, et al. 2003; Scharf, et al. 2001]. As the work day extends, fatigued workers may be less cognizant of developing or changing hazards in their immediate surroundings. This update addresses hazard recognition for ironworkers, with an emphasis on barriers to reporting hazards, incidents, injuries, and illnesses on the job. The current project derives from a 1999 request by safety personnel at the Paul Brown Stadium construction site in Cincinnati to produce training materials for hazard recognition for risks for falls in construction. These materials were modeled on curricula already in existence for underground mining [Cole 1997; Kowalski et al. 1995; Perdue, et al. 1994; and Rethi et al. 1999]. The hazard recognition component of the curriculum consists of thirteen stereo images, and a title slide, suitable for use in a classroom or on the job site. The instructor's guide was completed in 2001, [Ramani, et al.]; the companion simulation exercise was completed in 2004, [Wiehagen et al. 2004].
Accident-potential; Accident-prevention; Accidents; Accident-statistics; Biomechanics; Construction; Construction-industry; Construction-workers; Ergonomics; Fall-protection; Fatigue; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Iron-workers; Iron-working-industry; Posture; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Safety-measures; Safety-research; Standards; Statistical-analysis; Training; Traumatic-injuries; Work-analysis; Workplace-studies
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Research and Practice for Fall Injury Control in the Workplace: Proceedings of International Conference on Fall Prevention and Protection