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Diesel aerosols and gases in underground mines: guide to exposure assessment and control.

Authors
Bugarski-AD; Janisko-SJ; Cauda-EG; Noll-JD; Mischler-SE
Source
Pittsburgh, PA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2012-101, RI 9687, 2011 Oct; :1-149
NIOSHTIC No.
20039949
Abstract
Diesel engines are a major contributor to concentrations of submicron aerosols, CO, CO2, NOX, SO2 and hydrocarbons (HC) in underground coal and metal/nonmetal mines. The extensive use of diesel-powered equipment in underground mines makes it challenging to control workers´ exposure to submicron aerosols and noxious gases emitted by those engines. In order to protect workers, mines need to establish a comprehensive program based on a multifaceted and integrated approach. Many of the technologies and strategies available to the coal and metal/nonmetal underground mining industries to control exposures of underground miners to diesel pollutants are similar. The effort to reduce the exposure of underground miners to diesel pollutants requires the involvement of several key departments of mining companies, including those responsible for health and safety, engine/vehicle/exhaust aftertreatment maintenance, mine ventilation, and production, as well as the departments responsible for acquiring vehicles, engines, exhaust aftertreatment systems, fuel, and lubricating oil.
Keywords
Diesel-engines; Diesel-emissions; Diesel-exhausts; Hydrocarbons; Underground-mining; Nonmetal-mining; Aerosols; Gases; Vapors; Exposure-levels; Exposure-limits; Emission-sources; Exhaust-gases; Humans; Men; Workers; Mining-industry; Metal-mining; Coal-mining; Nanotechnology
CAS No.
630-08-0; 124-38-9; 7446-09-5; 10102-43-9; 10102-44-0
Publication Date
20111001
Document Type
Numbered Publication
Fiscal Year
2012
NTIS Accession No.
PB2012-101999
NTIS Price
A09
Identifying No.
(NIOSH) 2012-101; RI-9687; B11232011
NIOSH Division
OMSHR
Priority Area
Mining
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
PA; WA
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