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Severe hearing impairment among military veterans - United States, 2010.

Authors
Groenewold-MR; Tak-S; Masterson-E
Source
JAMA J Am Med Assoc 2011 Sep; 306(11):1192-1194
NIOSHTIC No.
20039754
Abstract
A substantial proportion of hearing loss in the United States is attributable to employment-related exposure to noise (1). Among military veterans, the most common service-connected disabilities are hearing impairments (2), suggesting that occupational noise exposure during military service might cause more veterans to have hearing loss than nonveterans. However, a recent analysis of data from the 1993-1995 Epidemiology of Hearing Loss Study did not find significant differences between the two groups (3). To further investigate hearing loss among veterans, specifically the prevalence of severe hearing impairment (SHI), data from the 2010 Annual Social and Economic Supplement (ASEC) to the Current Population Survey (CPS) were analyzed. This report describes the results of those analyses, which indicated that the prevalence of SHI among veterans was significantly greater than among nonveterans. Veterans were 30 percent more likely to have SHI than nonveterans after adjusting for age and current occupation, and veterans who served in the United States or overseas during September 2001- March 2010, the era of overseas contingency operations (including Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom), were four times more likely than nonveterans to have SHI. These findings suggest a need for increased emphasis on improving military hearing conservation programs (HCPs) and on hearing loss surveillance in military and veterans' health systems.
Keywords
Hearing-impairment; Military-personnel; Noise-induced-hearing-loss; Epidemiology; Information-retrieval-systems; Health-surveys; Hearing-conservation; Surveillance-programs; Medical-monitoring; Health-programs; Author Keywords: hearing loss; military personnel; occupational exposure; risk factors; United States; veterans
CODEN
JAMAAP
Publication Date
20110921
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
mgroenewold@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2011
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
B10122011
Issue of Publication
11
ISSN
0098-7484
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
Priority Area
Construction; Manufacturing
Source Name
Journal of the American Medical Association
State
OH
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