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Ethical concerns in nurse migration.

Authors
McElmurry-BJ; Solheim-K; Kishi-R; Coffia-MA; Woith-W; Janepanish-P
Source
J Prof Nurs 2006 Jul-Aug; 22(4):226-235
NIOSHTIC No.
20039650
Abstract
International nurse migration is natural and to be expected. Recently, however, those who have fostered nurse migration believe that it will solve nursing shortages in developed countries and offer nurse migrants better working conditions and an improved quality of life. Whether natural or manipulated, migration flow patterns largely occur from developing to developed countries. In this article, nurse migration is examined using primary health care (PHC) as an ethical framework. The unmanaged flow of nurse migrants from developing to developed countries is inconsistent with "health for all" principles. Removing key health personnel from countries experiencing resource shortages is contrary to PHC equity. Often, nurse migrants are placed in vulnerable, inequitable work roles, and employing nurse migrants fails to address basic causes of nurse shortages in developed countries, such as dissatisfaction with work conditions and decreased funding for academic settings. Nurse migration policies and procedures can be developed to satisfy PHC ethics criteria if they (1) leave developing countries enhanced rather than depleted, (2) contribute to country health outcomes consistent with essential care for all people, (3) are based on community participation, (4) address common nursing labor issues, and (5) involve equitable and clear financial arrangements.
Keywords
Humans; Men; Women; Attitude; Health-care-personnel; Nursing; Nurses; Mortality-data; Psychological-responses; Psychological-reactions; Public-health; Lifespan
Contact
Dr. Beverly J. McElmurry: UIC College of Nursing, Chicago, IL 60612
CODEN
JPNUET
Publication Date
20060701
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2006
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-T42-OH-008672
Issue of Publication
4
ISSN
8755-7223
Source Name
Journal of Professional Nursing
State
IL
Performing Organization
University of Illinois-Chicago
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