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Occupational health in Oregon.

Authors
Oregon Department of Human Services
Source
Portland, OR: Oregon Department of Human Services, 2009 May; :1-98
NIOSHTIC No.
20039586
Abstract
Every day, 16 workers in the United States die from injuries that happen at work, and 134 die from work-related diseases. Further, nearly 12,000 private-sector workers have nonfatal work-related injuries or illnesses daily, more than half of which require job transfers, work restrictions or time away from work. Every day, approximately 9,000 workers are treated in emergency departments due to occupational injuries; 200 of these workers are hospitalized. These injuries are expensive. The 2004 workers' compensation (WC) costs were estimated at $87 billion, an estimate that does not include indirect costs of work-related injuries and illnesses, such as loss of productivity and replacement training. Work-related injuries, illnesses and deaths are preventable. However, in 2006 more than 60,000 of Oregon's 1.7 million workers were injured on the job or experienced a work-related illness. In 2006, 79 Oregonians died after being hurt at work: an average of more than one work-related death per week. Successful approaches to healthier and safer workplaces start with using data to understand the scope of the problem. Surveillance data are used to determine the magnitude of work-related injuries and illnesses, as well as to identify workers at greatest risk and establish priorities for prevention. The Oregon Department of Human Services (DHS) Public Health Division (PHD) has been involved in occupational health surveillance since 1988. The Oregon Occupational Public Health Program (OPHP) was established to improve state-based occupational health surveillance by strengthening and expanding existing tracking and prevention partnerships in the public and private sectors. OPHP is comprised of four public health surveillance programs: 1)Fundamental: Using data from governmental and partner sources, OPHP generates and publishes 19 occupational health indicators (OHIs) for each year. The OHIs were chosen to highlight specific work-associated disease, injury or other factors associated with occupational health. 2)Burn: The OPHP burn surveillance project is working to reduce the number of occupational burns in Oregon by identifying the occupations, industries and populations that have a high risk of burn injury; helping our partners develop targeted intervention strategies to ensure Oregon workers stay healthy; and sharing intervention strategies with other states. 3)Fatality: The Oregon Occupational Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation (OR-FACE) program is a collaboration between PHD and the Center for Research on Occupational and Environmental Toxicology (CROET) at Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU). The ORFACE program is responsible for collecting data on all Oregon traumatic workplace fatalities and collaborates with partners to prevent work-related deaths. 4)Pesticide: Oregon has a long and active history of pesticide poisoning surveillance. OPHP continues to perform activities related to Oregon workers' pesticide exposures with the help of the Oregon Pesticide Exposure Safety & Tracking (PEST) Program. Oregon's occupational health promotion projects are carried out by a variety of agencies and organizations, including Oregon DHS PHD, Oregon Occupational Safety and Health Division (OR-OSHA), insurance carriers, university faculty and staff, community-based organizations and others. Many sources of data are used for tracking work-related illnesses and injuries, including workers' compensation claims, hospital discharge data, the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Annual Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (SOII) and the Oregon Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). This Occupational Health in Oregon report presents the state's most recent data to examine trends in work-related illnesses and injuries. This report begins with a brief summary of the most current work force characteristics for our state (between 2004 and 2006, depending on the data source) followed by a section on each of the following conditions or populations: fatal work-related injuries, nonfatal work-related injuries, musculoskeletal disorders (MSD), occupational burns, occupational exposure to lead, acute work-related pesticide poisoning, work-related asthma (WRA), pneumoconiosis (occupational lung disease), malignant mesothelioma, younger workers, older workers, and women in the work force.
Keywords
Injury-prevention; Safety-education; Occupational-hazards; Exposure-assessment; Pesticides-and-agricultural-chemicals; Occupational-accidents; Mortality-data; Mortality-rates; Demographic-characteristics; Age-groups; Age-factors; Men; Women; Racial-factors; Transportation-industry; Transportation-workers; Machine-operators; Surveillance-programs; Risk-analysis; Ergonomics; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Respiratory-system-disorders; Lung-disease; Lung-disorders; Children; Fall-protection; Logging-workers; Construction-industry; Burns
Contact
Oregon Department of Human Services, Public Health Division, Office of Environmental Public Health, Occupational Public Health Program, 800 N.E. Oregon Street, Suite 640, Portland, OR 97232
CAS No.
7439-92-1
Publication Date
20090501
Document Type
Other
Email Address
ophp.program@state.or.us
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
2009
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U60-OH-008472
Source Name
Occupational Health in Oregon
State
OR
Performing Organization
Oregon Department of Human Services
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