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Short-term and medium-term health effects of 9/11.

Authors
Perlman-SE; Friedman-S; Galea-S; Nair-HP; Eros-Sarnyai-M; Stellman-SD; Hon-J; Greene-CM
Source
Lancet 2011 Sep; 378(9794):925-934
NIOSHTIC No.
20039575
Abstract
The New York City terrorist attacks on Sept 11, 2001 (9/11), killed nearly 2800 people and thousands more had subsequent health problems. In this Review of health effects in the short and medium terms, strong evidence is provided for associations between experiencing or witnessing events related to 9/11 and post-traumatic stress disorder and respiratory illness, with a correlation between prolonged, intense exposure and increased overall illness and disability. Rescue and recovery workers, especially those who arrived early at the World Trade Center site or worked for longer periods, were more likely to develop respiratory illness than were other exposed groups. Risk factors for post-traumatic stress disorder included proximity to the site on 9/11, living or working in lower Manhattan, rescue or recovery work at the World Trade Center site, event-related loss of spouse, and low social support. Investigators note associations between 9/11 exposures and additional disorders, such as depression and substance use; however, for some health problems association with exposures related to 9/11 is unclear.
Keywords
Exposure-assessment; Exposure-methods; Health-hazards; Health-programs; Health-services; Health-surveys; Lung-irritants; Medical-monitoring; Occupational-exposure; Occupational-hazards; Physiological-effects; Physiological-response; Psychological-effects; Psychological-reactions; Pulmonary-system; Rescue-workers; Respiratory-irritants; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Work-areas; Work-environment; Worker-health; Work-operations; Workplace-studies
Contact
Sharon E Perlman MsMPH, Division of Epidemiology, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Queens, NY 11101, USA
CODEN
LANCAO
Publication Date
20110903
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
sperlma1@health.nyc.gov
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
2011
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U50-OH-009739; B09282011
Issue of Publication
9794
ISSN
0140-6736
Source Name
Lancet
State
NY
Performing Organization
New York City Health/Mental Hygiene
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