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World Trade Center disaster: assessment of responder occupations, work locations, and job tasks.

Authors
Woskie-SR; Kim-H; Freund-A; Stevenson-L; Park-BY; Baron-S; Herbert-R; Siegel de Hernández-M; Teitelbaum-S; de la Hoz-RE; Wisnivesky-JP; Landrigan-P
Source
Am J Ind Med 2011 Sep; 54(9):681-695
NIOSHTIC No.
20039424
Abstract
Background: To date there have been no comprehensive reports of the work performed by 9/11 World Trade Center responders. Methods: 18,969 responders enrolled in the WTC Medical Monitoring and Treatment Program were used to describe workers' pre-9/11 occupations, WTC work activities and locations from September 11, 2001 to June 2002. Results: The most common pre-9/11 occupation was protective services (47 percent); other common occupations included construction, telecommunications, transportation, and support services workers. 14 percent served as volunteers. Almost one-half began work on 9/11 and greater than 80 percent reported working on or adjacent to the ''pile'' at Ground Zero. Initially, the most common activity was search and rescue but subsequently, the activities of most responders related to their pre-9/11 occupations. Other major activities included security; personnel support; buildings and grounds cleaning; and telecommunications repair. Conclusions: The spatial, temporal, occupational, and task-related taxonomy reported here will aid the development of a job-exposure matrix, assist in assessment of disease risk, and improve planning and training for responders in future urban disasters.
Keywords
Emergency-responders; Employee-health; Rescue-workers; Medical-monitoring; Medical-screening; Medical-services; Medical-treatment; Occupations; Work-analysis; Job-analysis; Service-industries; Fire-fighters; Police-officers; Law-enforcement-workers; Communication-workers; Construction-workers; Transportation-workers; Task-performance; Groundskeeping-workers; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Disaster-planning; Exposure-assessment; Author Keywords: World Trade Center; WTC; 9/11; emergency responder; disaster; task; exposure; exposure assessment; emergency planning; occupational health
Contact
Dr. Susan Woskie, PhD, CIH, One University Ave., Lowell, MA 01854
CODEN
AJIMD8
Publication Date
20110901
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
susan_woskie@uml.edu
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement; Contract
Fiscal Year
2011
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Contract-200-2002-00384; Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U10-OH-008232; Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U10-OH-008225; Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U10-OH-008239; Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U10-OH-008275; Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U10-OH-008216
Issue of Publication
9
ISSN
0271-3586
Source Name
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
State
NY; MA
Performing Organization
Mount Sinai School of Medicine of New York University
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