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Gas monitor simulator development and mine rescue contest field trials.

Authors
Alexander-DW; Bealko-SB; Holtan-J; McWilliams-LJ; Whoolery-M
Source
2011 SME Annual Meeting, February 27 - March 2, Denver, Colorado, Preprint 11-014. Englewood, CO: Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Inc., 2011 Feb; :1-5
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
20039269
Abstract
Researchers from the Office of Mine Safety and Health Research (OMSHR) of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) completed field trials during coal mine rescue contests using simulated gas detectors in place of placards. The gas monitor simulator (GMS) devices replaced static, paper placards to deliver gas concentration data. Eleven teams were observed during the field contest, which was approved by the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA). GMS devices were given to three team members, the captain, and both gasmen. Observation of teams revealed that team members changed behavior by acknowledging and sharing information more often while using the GMS. As a result of this research, it has been demonstrated that under the existing contest format, the newly developed GMS device may be used with no adverse impact on team contest performance. Furthermore, when GMS technology advantages are used, contest realism is improved. In the future, competency assessment may be incorporated.
Keywords
Mining-industry; Underground-mining; Coal-mining; Gas-detectors; Gases; Rescue-measures; Monitoring-systems; Monitors; Gas-indicators; Simulation-methods; Rescue-workers; Behavior; Behavior-patterns; Group-behavior; Group-dynamics; Task-performance; Work-environment; Emergency-response
Publication Date
20110227
Document Type
Conference/Symposia Proceedings
Fiscal Year
2011
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
NIOSH Division
OMSHR
Source Name
2011 SME Annual Meeting, February 27 - March 2, Denver, Colorado, Preprint 11-014
State
PA; TX; CO
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