Aerosol sensing technologies in the mining industry.
Janisko-SJ; Noll-JD; Cauda-EE
Proc SPIE Int Soc Opt Eng 2011 May; 8029:80291E
Recent health, safety and environmental regulations are causing an increased demand for monitoring of aerosols in the mining industry. Of particular concern are airborne concentrations of combustible and toxic rock dusts as well as particulate matter generated from diesel engines in underground mines. In response, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) has been evaluating a number of real time sensing technologies for potential use in underground mines. In particular, extensive evaluation has been done on filter-based light extinction using elemental carbon (EC) as a surrogate measurement of total diesel particulate matter (DPM) mass concentration as well as mechanical tapered element oscillating microbalance (TEOM) technology for measurement of both DPM and rock dust mass concentrations. Although these technologies are promising in their ability to accurately measure mine aerosols for their respective applications, there are opportunities for design improvements or alternative technologies that may significantly enhance the monitoring of mine aerosols. Such alterations can lead to increases in sensitivity or a reduction in the size and cost of these devices. This paper provides a brief overview of current practices and presents results of NIOSH research in this area. It concludes with a short discussion of future directions in mine aerosol sensing research.
Aerosol-particles; Aerosols; Miners; Mining-industry; Underground-miners; Underground-mining; Environmental-exposure; Environmental-factors; Airborne-dusts; Airborne-fibers; Airborne-particles; Dust-exposure; Dust-inhalation; Dust-particles; Dusts; Diesel-exhausts; Diesel-emissions; Particulate-dust; Particulates
Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering