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New analytical method for determining formaldehyde in aqueous samples.

Authors
Tso-JC; Que Hee-S
Source
American Industrial Hygiene Conference and Exposition, May 9-15, 1998, Atlanta, Georgia. Fairfax, VA: American Industrial Hygiene Association, 1998 May; :15
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
20039214
Abstract
Carbonyl compounds (especially low molecular weight aldehydes) are receiving increasing attention in workplace air exposures and water pollution. Formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, furfural, and crotonaldehyde are known animal carcinogens. There is a need to have a method that can be utilized to analyze trace amounts of aldehydes, particularly in groundwater from hazardous waste sites and waste streams after oxidation or combustion treatments. The reagent 0-(2,3,4,5,6-pentafluorophenyl) methylhydroxylamine hydrochloride (PFBHA) is a promising reagent to analyze carbonyl compounds. A batch method to form derivatives is the only method type for aqueous samples; however, it is time-consuming. A new analytical method with solid phase extraction has been developed by using a cation exchange cartridge to hold PFBHA ions to react with aldehyde in the aqueous sample. The cation exchange cartridge was activated by 10 mL of 0.5 M sulfuric acid and charged with 10 mL of 1 % (w Iv) PFBHA aqueous solution at a flow rate of 0.5 mL/min. After loading aldehyde aqueous samples and a microwave heating treatment, the oxime product was eluted from the SCX cartridge by 5 mL of hexane and analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively by gas chromatography/ electron capture detection and gas chromatography/ mass spectrometry using a nonpolar capillary column. The capacity of PFBHA in the SCX cartridge was 80 mmole/0.38 g (210 mmole/g sorbent). The recoveries of formaldehyde in the concentration range 3B30 ppm were >83%. This method is suitable for field sampling.
Keywords
Airborne-particles; Air-contamination; Air-monitoring; Air-quality-measurement; Air-samplers; Air-samples; Air-sampling; Air-sampling-equipment; Air-sampling-techniques; Carcinogens; Chromatographic-analysis; Exposure-assessment; Exposure-levels; Gas-chromatography; Laboratory-testing; Mathematical-models; Quantitative-analysis; Sampling-methods; Standards; Water-analysis; Water-industry; Water-sampling
Publication Date
19980509
Document Type
Abstract
Funding Amount
515055
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1998
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-003120
Priority Area
Research Tools and Approaches: Exposure Assessment Methods
Source Name
American Industrial Hygiene Conference and Exposition, May 9-15, 1998, Atlanta, Georgia
State
CA
Performing Organization
University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA
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