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Lung cancer risk among workers in poultry slaughtering and processing plants: a pilot study.

Authors
Preacely-ND
Source
Fort Worth, TX: University of North Texas, 2008 May; :1-104
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
20039014
Abstract
Poultry workers are at a great risk of exposure to potentially harmful transmissible agents which can cause cancer in poultry; yet there are few epidemiological studies that examine the association of occupation and illnesses experienced by these workers. Workers in poultry slaughtering and processing plants are well suited to investigate the effect of exposure to poultry oncogenic agents because they have one of the highest human exposures to these agents. Additionally, there is a need to investigate the effect of exposure to carcinogenic chemicals formed during the packaging and preparation of poultry. The preparations of poultry via smoking, and frying are additional exposures that release carcinogens which may be involved in lung cancer risk among poultry workers. Union records from several unions belonging to the United Food & Commercial Workers International Union for the years 1949-1989 were used to identify a cohort of workers once employed in poultry slaughtering and processing plants. The current research investigated whether certain occupational exposures were associated with lung cancer mortality among these workers. The research employed a case cohort design that provided individual level occupational and lifestyle data for workers who died with lung cancer between 1990 and 2003 compared to a sub-cohort of individuals randomly sampled from the entire cohort.
Keywords
Animal-products-workers; Carcinogenesis; Carcinogens; Disease-incidence; Disease-transmission; Exposure-assessment; Lung-cancer; Lung-disease; Lung-disorders; Meat-handlers; Mortality-data; Poultry; Poultry-industry; Poultry-workers; Pulmonary-system; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Respiratory-system-disorders; Risk-analysis; Slaughterhouses; Work-areas; Worker-health; Work-operations; Workplace-studies; Zoonoses
Publication Date
20080501
Document Type
Dissertation
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2008
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-008071
Source Name
Lung Cancer Risk among Workers in Poultry Slaughtering and Processing Plants: A Pilot Study.
State
TX
Performing Organization
University of North Texas
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