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Prospective study of incident injuries among southeastern United States commercial fishermen.

Authors
Kucera-KL; Loomis-D; Lipscomb-H; Marshall-SW
Source
Occup Environ Med 2010 Dec; 67(12):829-836
NIOSHTIC No.
20038908
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to describe occupational exposures and the incidence of non-fatal injuries among a group of southeastern US small-scale fishermen. METHODS: Participants (n=219) were enrolled in a prospective cohort study and followed from August 1999 to May 2002. Demographic information was obtained at baseline, and weekly and biweekly telephone interviews elicited information on number of days worked, fishery, fishing gear used, maintenance work, glove use and any work-related injury events. Incidence rate ratios (IRR) and 95% CIs were calculated with Poisson regression for each factor and multivariate models controlled for potential confounders. RESULTS: Over a third of participants (81/217) reported 125 injury events over 46 153 work-days for rate of 2.74 per 1000 work-days (95% CI 2.19 to 3.41). The majority of injuries were penetrating wounds to the hand, thumb and finger (35%) or back sprains and strains (8%); most required no medical care or time off work (67%). Injury rates were similar for on and off the water work (1.9 per 1000 work-days). Injury rates differed by fishery, water location and month. Factors associated with an increased injury rate included working on someone else's boat and maintenance work. Glove use was protective. CONCLUSION: Similar injury characteristics were observed in small-scale fishing as compared to large-scale. For small-scale fishermen, off and on the water work locations, and particularly maintenance work, were important predictors of injury. Despite the protective association for glove use, penetrating wounds to the hand, thumb and finger were common.
Keywords
Accident-prevention; Demographic-characteristics; Environmental-factors; Fishing-industry; Gloves; Hand-injuries; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Mathematical-models; Personal-protection; Quantitative-analysis; Risk-analysis; Safety-measures; Safety-practices; Statistical-analysis; Work-analysis; Work-environment; Work-practices
Contact
Kristen Kkucera, Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, 2200 W Main St, Suite 700, Durham, NC 27705, USA
CODEN
OEMEEM
Publication Date
20101201
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
kristen.kucera@duke.edu
Funding Amount
249991
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2011
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-004073
Issue of Publication
12
ISSN
1351-0711
Priority Area
Disease and Injury: Traumatic Injuries
SIC Code
NAICS-1141
Source Name
Occupational and Environmental Medicine
State
NC
Performing Organization
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
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