Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

Acute pesticide illnesses associated with off-target pesticide drift from agricultural applications - 11 states, 1998-2006.

Authors
Lee-S-J; Mehler-L; Beckman-J; Diebolt-Brown-B; Prado-J; Lackovic-M; Waltz-J; Mulay-P; Schwartz-A; Mitchell-Y; Moraga-McHaley-S; Gergely-R; Calvert-GM
Source
Environ Health Perspect 2011 Aug; 119(8):1162-1169
NIOSHTIC No.
20038887
Abstract
Background: Pesticides are widely used in agriculture and off-target pesticide drift results in exposures to workers and the public. Objective: Estimate the incidence of acute illnesses from pesticide drift from outdoor agricultural applications, and describe drift exposure and illness characteristics. Methods: Data were obtained from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health's Sentinel Event Notification System for Occupational Risks-Pesticides Program and the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Drift included off-target movement of pesticide spray, volatiles, and contaminated dust. Acute illness cases were characterized by demographics, pesticide and application variables, health effects, and contributing factors. Results: During 1998-2006, 2,945 cases associated with agricultural pesticide drift were identified from 11 states. Forty-seven percent had exposures at work, 92 percent experienced low severity illness, and 14 percent were children (<15 years). The annual incidence ranged from 1.39 to 5.32 per million persons over the 9-year period. The overall incidence (in million person-years) was 114.3 for agricultural workers, 0.79 for other workers, 1.56 for nonoccupational cases, and 42.2 for residents in 5 agriculture-intensive counties in California. Soil applications with fumigants were responsible for the largest proportion (45%) of cases. Aerial applications accounted for 24 percent of cases. Common factors contributing to drift cases included weather conditions, improper seal of the fumigation site, and applicator carelessness near non-target areas. Conclusions: Agricultural workers and residents in agricultural regions were found to have the highest rate of pesticide poisoning from drift exposure, and soil fumigations were a major hazard causing large drift incidents. These findings highlight areas where interventions to reduce off-target drift could be focused.
Keywords
Agriculture; Agricultural-chemicals; Agricultural-workers; Pesticides; Pesticides-and-agricultural-chemicals; Pesticide-residues; Airborne-particles; Air-flow; Exposure-assessment; Spraying-equipment; Sprays; Worker-health; Employee-exposure; Public-health; Outdoors; Information-retrieval-systems; Volatiles; Airborne-dusts; Acute-toxicity; Health-hazards; Biological-effects; Demographic-characteristics; Children; Disease-incidence; Aerosol-dispensers; Poisons; Fumigants; Soil-analysis; Environmental-contamination; Author Keywords: agriculture; drift; pesticides; poisoning; surveillance
Contact
Geoffrey Calvert, MD, MPH, NIOSH, DSHEFS, 4676 Columbia Parkway, R-17, Cincinnati, OH 45226
CODEN
EVHPAZ
Publication Date
20110801
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
2011
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U60-OH-008487
Issue of Publication
8
ISSN
0091-6765
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
Priority Area
Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing
Source Name
Environmental Health Perspectives
State
OH; CA; TX; WA; LA; OR; FL; MI; NY; NM; IA
Performing Organization
Washington State Department of Labor and Industries
TOP