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Violence against nurses and its impact on stress and productivity.

Authors
Gates-DM; Gillespie-GL; Succop-P
Source
Nurs Econ 2011 Mar-Apr; 29(2):59
NIOSHTIC No.
20038736
Abstract
Workplace violence is a major public health concern that has received growing national attention. Recent media attention to school and workplace shootings raised the level of civic consciousness regarding the adverse effects of violence. Most Americans know the phrase "going postal" indicates an employee who becomes hostile at work. According to a report by the U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics, an estimated 1.7 million workers are injured each year due to assaults at work (Duhart, 2001). However, much of the public's focus on violence is on occupational environments that are exclusive of health care sites. And while the homicide rate against health care workers is lower than other establishments, the assault rate remains the highest (Bureau of Labor Statistics [BLS], 2007). In 2006, the BLS reported 60% of workplace assaults occurred in health care, and most of the assaults were committed by patients (BLS, 2007). Health care support occupations had an injury rate of 20.4 per 10,000 workers due to assaults, and health care practitioners had a rate of 6.1 per 10,000; this compares to the general sector rate of only 2.1 per 10,000. As significant as these numbers are, the actual number of incidents is much higher due to the gross underreporting that is related to the persistent perception assaults are part the job.
Keywords
Health-care; Health-care-personnel; Medical-personnel; Nurses; Nursing; Health-hazards; Injuries; Humans; Behavior; Mental-processes; Physical-reactions; Psychological-reactions; Public-health; Job-stress; Environmental-stress; Emotional-stress; Stress; Task-performance; Work-performance; Work-environment; Demographic-characteristics
Contact
Donna M. Gates, College of Nursing, 3110 Vine Street, University of Cincinnati, Academic Health Center, Cincinnati, OH 45221-0038
Publication Date
20110301
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2011
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-T42-CCT-510420
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
0746-1739
Source Name
Nursing Economic$
State
OH
Performing Organization
Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio
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