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Demographics, employment, income, and networks: differential characteristics of rural populations.

Authors
Bollman-RD; Reimer-W
Source
J Agromed 2009 Apr; 14(2):132-141
NIOSHTIC No.
20038729
Abstract
This paper reviews the key demographic, employment, income, and social capital features of rural Canada. Rural populations have different characteristics that are typically a direct result of "rurality" - i.e., long distances and low population density. Jobs that require a high-density population (such as a professional hockey player) are not available to individuals who live at a distance from a metro center. Rural Canada may have an agricultural landscape (or a forestry or mining landscape) but the vast majority of rural workers do not work in primary sectors. Manufacturing employment is larger. Rural Canada is competitive in manufacturing - rural areas are gaining a larger share of Canada's manufacturing workforce. Rural incomes are lower, on average. But lower living costs mean that the rural incidence of low incomes is similar to urban. In rural communities, the existence of social networks does not always imply that these networks are used. Networks are complementary - one network does not always substitute for another. However, local strength in one network can be used to build capacity in another network.
Keywords
Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-workers; Agriculture; Demographic-characteristics; Farmers; Statistical-analysis; Work-analysis; Work-environment; Work-operations; Author Keywords: Demography; employment; income; rural; social capital
Contact
Ray D. Bollman, PhD, Agriculture Division, Statistics Canada, Ottawa, K1A OT6, Canada
Publication Date
20090401
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
rayd.bollman@sasktel.net
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2009
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R13-OH-009571
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
1059-924X
Source Name
Journal of Agromedicine
State
WI
Performing Organization
Marshfield Clinic
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