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Effects of venue-specific state clean indoor air laws on smoking-related outcomes.

Authors
Bitler-MP; Carpenter-CS; Zavodny-M
Source
Health Econ 2010 Dec; 19(12):1425-1440
NIOSHTIC No.
20038492
Abstract
A large literature has documented relationships between state clean indoor air laws (SCIALs) and smoking-related outcomes in the United States. These laws vary within states over time and across venues such as schools, government buildings, and bars. Few studies, however, have evaluated whether the effects of SCIALs are plausibly concentrated among workers who should have been directly affected because they worked at locations covered by the venue-specific restrictions. We fill this gap in the literature using data on private sector workers, government employees, school workers, eating and drinking place workers, and bartenders from the 1992-2007 Tobacco Use Supplements to the Current Population Survey. Our quasi-experimental models indicate robust effects of SCIALs restricting smoking in bars: these laws significantly increased the presence of workplace smoking restrictions as reported by bartenders and reduced the fraction of bartenders who smoke. We do not, however, find that SCIALs in private workplaces, government workplaces, schools, or restaurants increased the presence of workplace smoking restrictions among groups of workers working in venues covered by these laws. This suggests that the smoking reductions associated with SCIALs in previous research are unlikely to have been directly caused by effects of workplace smoking restrictions on workers.
Keywords
Air-monitoring; Air-quality-control; Air-quality-measurement; Air-quality-monitoring; Biological-effects; Environmental-exposure; Indoor-air-pollution; Indoor-environmental-quality; Mathematical-models; Pollutants; Public-health; Quantitative-analysis; Risk-factors; Smoke-control; Statistical-analysis; Work-environment; Worker-health; Work-performance; Workplace-studies; Cigarette-smoking; Tobacco-smoke; Author Keywords: smoking; clean indoor air; smoking bans
Contact
UC Irvine, The Paul Merage School of Business, Economics/Public Policy, 428 SB, Irvine, CA 92697-3125
CODEN
HEECEZ
Publication Date
20101201
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
kittc@uci.edu
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2011
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-008244
Issue of Publication
12
ISSN
1057-9230
Source Name
Health Economics
State
CA
Performing Organization
Rand Corporation
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