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Fatigue risk management: organizational factors at the regulatory and industry/company level.

Authors
Gander-P; Hartley-L; Powell-D; Cabon-P; Hitchcock-E; Mills-A; Popkin-S
Source
Accid Anal Prev 2011 Mar; 43(2):573-590
NIOSHTIC No.
20038482
Abstract
This paper focuses on the development of fatigue risk management systems (FRMS) in the transport sector. The evolution of regulatory frameworks is traced, from uni-dimensional hours of service regulations through to frameworks that enable multi-dimensional FRMS. These regulatory changes reflect advances in understanding of human error in the aetiology of accidents, and in fatigue and safety science. Implementation of FRMS shifts the locus of responsibility for safety away from the regulator towards companies and individuals, and requires changes in traditional roles. Organizational, ethnic, and national culture need to be considered. Recent trends in the work environment have potential to adversely affect FRMS, including precarious employment and shortages of skilled labour. Essential components of an FRMS, and examples of FRMS in different transport modes, are described. It is vital that regulators, employer, and employees have an understanding of the causes and consequences of fatigue that is sufficient for them to meet their responsibilities in relation to FRMS. While there is a strong evidence base supporting the principles of FRMS, experience with implementation is more limited. The evidence base for effective implementation will expand, since FRMS is data-driven, and ongoing evaluation is integral. We strongly advocate that experience be shared wherever possible.
Keywords
Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Safety-measures; Safety-practices; Fatigue; Biological-effects; Biological-factors; Author Keywords: Hours of service regulations; Regulation for fatigue risk management; Locus of responsibility for safety; Cultural factors in fatigue risk management; Essential components in a fatigue risk management system; Implementation challenges
Contact
Philippa Gander, Sleep/Wake Research Centre, Massey University, Private Box 756, Wellington, New Zealand
CODEN
AAPVB5
Publication Date
20110301
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
p.h.gander@massey.ac.nz
Fiscal Year
2011
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
0001-4575
NIOSH Division
DART
Source Name
Accident Analysis and Prevention
State
OH; MA
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