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Worksite wellness program for respiratory disease prevention in heavy-construction workers.

Authors
Hnizdo-E; Berry-A; Hakobyan-A; Beeckman-Wagner-L-A; Catlett-L
Source
J Occup Environ Med 2011 Mar; 53(3):274-281
NIOSHTIC No.
20038476
Abstract
Objective: To describe a respiratory disease prevention program in a US heavy-construction company. Methods: The program uses periodic spirometry and questionnaires and is integrated into a worksite wellness program involving individualized intervention. Spirometry Longitudinal Data Analysis (SPIROLA) technology is used to assist the physician with (i) management and evaluation of longitudinal spirometry and questionnaire data; (ii) designing, recoding, and implementing intervention; and (iii) evaluation of impact of the intervention. Preintervention data provide benchmark results. Results: Preintervention results on 1224 workers with 5 or more years of follow-up showed that the mean rate of FEV1 decline was 47 mL/year. Age-stratified prevalence of moderate airflow obstruction was higher than that for the US population. Conclusion: Preintervention results indicate the need for respiratory disease prevention in this construction workforce and provide a benchmark for future evaluation of the intervention.
Keywords
Biological-effects; Construction-industry; Construction-workers; Health-surveys; Inhalation-studies; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Pulmonary-system; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Questionnaires; Respiratory-hypersensitivity; Respiratory-infections; Respiratory-irritants; Respiratory-protection; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Safety-research; Work-environment; Worker-health; Work-operations; Work-performance; Workplace-studies; Surveillance
Contact
Eva Hnizdo, PhD, Division of Respiratory Disease Studies, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1095 Willowdale Rd, Morgantown, WV 26505
CODEN
JOEMFM
Publication Date
20110301
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
ehnizdo@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2011
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
3
ISSN
1076-2752
NIOSH Division
DRDS
Source Name
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
State
WV
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