Size-selective sampling of particulates using a physiologic sampling pump.
Lee-LA; Lee-EG; Lee-T; Kim-SW; Slaven-JE; Harper-M
J Environ Monit 2011 Mar; 13(3):527-535
Recent laboratory research indicates physiologic sampling of gas and vapor may provide more representative estimates of personal exposures than traditional methods. Modifications to the physiologic sampling pump (PSP) used in that research are described which extend its usefulness to size-selective sampling of particulates. PSPs used in previous research varied motor speed to keep sampling proportional to the subject's inhalation. This caused airflow and particle velocities through the collection device to continually change making those pumps unsuitable for sampling particulates. The modified implementation of the PSP pulls a constant airflow into and through a cyclone, then uses valves to either direct the airflow through, or divert the airflow around, the sampling filter. By using physiologic inputs to regulate the fraction of each second that air flows through the sampling filter, samples may be collected in proportion to inhalation rate. To evaluate the performance of a functional prototype 5 different sizes of monodisperse aerosols of ammonium fluorescein were generated by a vibrating orifice aerosol generator and introduced into a calm air chamber. To simulate different inhalation rates the valves of the PSP were energized using 9 different duty cycles. Efficiency curves are presented and compared to a standard respirable convention by bias mapping. The performance of the modified cyclone used in the PSP sampling head compared favorably with a commercially available cyclone of the same model, operating at a constant airflow (+/-10% over almost all the size distributions of concern). The new method makes physiologic sampling of the respirable fraction of particulates feasible.
Sampling-equipment; Sampling-methods; Exposure-levels; Exposure-limits; Airborne-particles; Airborne-dusts; Air-sampling-equipment; Particulates
Kathleen Goedel, Technology Development Coordinator, Office of Research and Technology Transfer, NIOSH, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 4676 Columbia Parkway, MS C-09, Cincinnati, OH 45226
Journal of Environmental Monitoring