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Balancing work and family after childbirth: a longitudinal analysis.

Authors
Grice-MM; McGovern-PM; Alexander-BH; Ukestad-L; Hellerstedt-W
Source
Womens Health Issues 2011 Jan-Feb; 21(1):19-27
NIOSHTIC No.
20038412
Abstract
Background: In the United States, women with young children have dramatically increased their participation in the workforce, resulting in greater potential conflict between work and family roles. However, few studies have examined postpartum work-family conflict. This study examined associations between work-family conflict and women's health after childbirth. Methods: Employed women, 18 years of age and older, were recruited while hospitalized for childbirth and followed for 18 months (n = 541; 66% response rate). Health outcomes were measured using the Short Form 12, version 2. Longitudinal fixed-effects models estimated the associations between work-family conflict (modeled as job and home spillover) and health. Results: Women who reported high levels of job spillover to home had mental health scores slightly, but significantly, worse than women who reported low levels of spillover ( = -1.26; SE = 0.47). Women with medium and high levels of home spillover to job also reported worse mental health ( = -0.81, SE = 0.30; and = -1.52, SE = 0.78) relative to those with low spillover. Women who reported medium (versus low) levels of home spillover reported slightly improved physical health ( = 0.64, SE = 0.30). There was no significant association between job spillover and physical health. Conclusion: This study focused exclusively on employed postpartum women. Results illustrate that job and home spillover are associated with maternal mental and physical health. Findings also revealed that flexible work arrangements were associated with poorer postpartum mental health scores, which may reflect unintended consequences, such as increasing the amount of work brought home.
Keywords
Emotional-stress; Employee-health; Families; Mental-health; Mental-stress; Physiological-measurements; Psychological-stress; Statistical-analysis; Women; Worker-health; Workplace-studies; Epidemiology; Statistical-analysis
Contact
Mira M. Grice, PhD, Department Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, 450 Clarkson Avenue, Box 43, Brooklyn, New York 11203
CODEN
WHISEH
Publication Date
20110101
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
mira.grice@downstate.edu
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2011
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R18-OH-003605; Grant-Number-T42-OH-008343
Issue of Publication
1
ISSN
1049-3867
Priority Area
Work Environment and Workforce: Organization of Work
Source Name
Women's Health Issues
State
MN; NY
Performing Organization
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities
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