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Controlling diesel exhaust exposure inside firehouses.

Authors
Baldwin-TN; Hales-TR; Niemeier-MT
Source
Fire Eng 2011 Feb; 164(2):63-64, 66, 68, 70-74
NIOSHTIC No.
20038402
Abstract
Diesel exhaust in firehouses has been and continues to be a problem for many firefighters. A diesel-powered apparatus generates exhaust whenever it leaves or returns to a station. If not properly captured, this exhaust will enter not only the apparatus bay but also the firefighters' living quarters. As a result, firefighters can be exposed to diesel exhaust for a significant portion of their shifts. Scientific evidence suggests an association between lung cancer and occupational exposure to diesel exhaust emissions. Safety and health professionals at the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) have evaluated several fire stations for diesel exhaust through its Health Hazard Evaluation (HHE) program. We address the health effects of diesel exhaust, the amount of diesel exhaust typically found in fire stations, and the controls and work practices that can reduce firefighters' exposure.
Keywords
Fire-fighters; Fire-fighting; Fire-hazards; Diesel-emissions; Diesel-engines; Diesel-exhausts; Motor-vehicles; Emergency-responders; Lung-cancer; Biological-effects; Health-hazards; Work-environment; Air-sampling; Indoor-air-pollution; Indoor-environmental-quality; Particulates; Breathing-zone; Control-technology; Engineering-controls; Exposure-assessment; Risk-analysis; Polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons; Carcinogens; Respiratory-system-disorders; Work-practices; Exhaust-ventilation; Ventilation
CODEN
FIENA2
CAS No.
7440-44-0
Publication Date
20110201
Document Type
Journal Article; Lay Publication
Fiscal Year
2011
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
0015-2587
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
Priority Area
Services: Public Safety
Source Name
Fire Engineering
State
OH
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