Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

Latex allergy symptoms among health care workers: results from a university health and safety surveillance system.

Authors
Epling-C; Duncan-J; Archibong-E; Østbye-T; Pompeii-LA; Dement-J
Source
Int J Occup Environ Health 2011 Jan-Mar; 17(1):17-23
NIOSHTIC No.
20038370
Abstract
We sought to describe risk factors for latex glove allergy symptoms among health care workers by combining data from an active clinical surveillance program and a comprehensive occupational health surveillance system. A total of 4,584 employers completed a latex allergy questionnaire. Six percent (n = 276) of subjects reported symptoms consistent with latex allergy. Years of latex glove use was a significant risk factor for latex allergy symptoms even after controlling for the effects of atopy, gender, age, race, fruit, and other allergies. Nurses, medical or lab technicians, physician's assistants, other clinical professionals, and housekeepers had the highest prevalence of latex glove allergy symptoms. Forty subjects (0.87%) who were confirmed as having latex sensitization. Sensitizsation may have been underestimated due to use of specific IgE antibody, less sensitive than skin-prick testing, and tiered design leading to laboratory assessment on a subset of the cohort. This surveillance program identified risk factors for latex allergy symptoms. Our findings provide a basis for tailoring future prevention strategies.
Keywords
Health-care-personnel; Allergic-dermatitis; Allergic-reactions; Allergies; Medical-equipment; Medical-personnel; Gloves; Skin-exposure; Skin-irritants; Risk-factors; Surveillance-programs; Health-surveys; Questionnaires; Nurses; Laboratory-workers; Housekeeping-personnel; Sensitization; Skin-tests; Antibody-response
Contact
C. Epling, Division of Occupational & Environmental Medicine, Department of Community & Family Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, 2200 W. Main Street, Suite 600, Durham, NC 27705, USA
CODEN
IOEHFU
Publication Date
20110101
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
eplin002@mc.duke.edu
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2011
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-003979
Issue of Publication
1
ISSN
1077-3525
Source Name
International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
State
NC; TX
Performing Organization
Duke University
TOP