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Gender differences in anxiety and depression among immigrant Latinos.

Authors
Hiott-A; Grzywacz-JG; Arcury-TA; Quandt-SA
Source
Fam Syst Health 2006 Jun; 24(2):137-146
NIOSHTIC No.
20038332
Abstract
This study determines elements of a social history that could assist primary care providers in identifying and treating anxiety and depression among immigrant Mexicans. Cross-sectional data were obtained through interviewer-administered survey questionnaires from immigrant Latinos in the United States fewer than 5 years (N = 150). Interviews were conducted by native Spanish-speakers in community settings. Mental health was measured with the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D) and the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI). Mental health in this sample was poor with nearly 40% indicating levels of anxiety and depression that may impair functioning. Social marginalization was associated with higher depression symptoms in men, and separation from family stress was associated with more depressive symptoms among women. When caring for immigrant Latinos, questions about social isolation and separation from family may provide insight into stress and its contribution to clinically significant anxiety and depression. These characteristics should also be considered when offering a treatment plan for anxiety and depression.
Keywords
Agriculture; Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-workers; Farmers; Mental-health; Statistical-analysis; Demographic-characteristics; Sociological-factors; Psychological-disorders; Psychological-stress; Psychological-responses; Author Keywords: social history; immigrant mental health; gender differences; psychosocial stressors; Latino
Contact
Ann Hiott MD, Department of Family and Community Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC 27157-1084
CODEN
FSHEFV
Publication Date
20060601
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
ahiott@wfubmc.edu
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2006
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R25-OH-007611; Grant-Number-R25-OH-008335
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
1091-7527
Source Name
Families, Systems, & Health
State
NC
Performing Organization
Wake Forest University
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