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Mold exposure and respiratory health in damp indoor environments.

Authors
Park-J-H; Cox-Ganser-JM
Source
Front Biosci 2011 Jan; E3:757-771
NIOSHTIC No.
20038250
Abstract
Almost all modern buildings experience at least minor, and sometimes serious, water damage during their life span. Excess moisture in buildings becomes a critical factor for mold (fungal) proliferation in nutrient-rich environments. As a result, building occupants may be exposed to increased levels of microbial agents such as fungal spores, cell fragments, cell wall components, or toxins. Such exposures may result in various diseases and symptoms, both respiratory and non-respiratory. Respiratory health complaints are common in damp buildings and have been more thoroughly studied than non-respiratory complaints. Respiratory diseases and symptoms which may be produced by exposure to indoor fungi include asthma development, exacerbation of asthma, hypersensitivity pneumonitis, cough, wheeze, dyspnea (shortness of breath), nasal and throat symptoms, and respiratory infections. In addition to these illnesses, rhinosinusitis and sarcoidosis in water-damaged building occupants are also drawing more scientific attention. In this article, we explore the evidence for adverse effects of fungal exposure on respiratory health in damp indoor environments and potential disease mechanisms related to the exposure.
Keywords
Respiratory-system-disorders; Molds; Indoor-air-pollution; Indoor-environmental-quality; Fungi; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Lung-disorders; Microorganisms; Health-hazards; Biological-effects; Diseases
Contact
Ju Hyeong Park, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Division of Respiratory Disease Studies, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV 26505 USA
Publication Date
20110101
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
gzp8@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2011
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
ISSN
1093-9946
NIOSH Division
DRDS
Priority Area
Services
Source Name
Frontiers in Bioscience
State
WV
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