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Culture's role in conflict and conflict management: some suggestions, many questions.

Authors
Worchel-S
Source
Int J Intercult Relat 2005 Nov; 29(6):739-757
NIOSHTIC No.
20038197
Abstract
The contributions to this edition of the Journal are viewed as identifying two roles of culture in intergroup conflict. One is that culture separates people into an in-group and out-group based on the criterion of whether or not they share a common culture. According to social identity theory, this division creates the necessary condition for intergroup (intercultural) conflict. The second role is that culture shapes the individual's perception of conflict and how he or she will respond to the conflict. It is argued that embedded within the history and myths of a culture are stories that identify specific out-groups as likely protagonists. A model for achieving peaceful co-existence between cultural groups is presented. Peaceful co-existence has three components: cognition (acceptance of the right of the out-group to exist), emotion (low fear of the out-group), and behavior (willingness to engage in cooperative interaction with the out-group). It is argued that in order to achieve peaceful co-existence between cultural groups, intergroup contract must promote the security and identity of the ingroup, reduce the perceived threat of the out-group, and promote the perception of diversity within the out-group. The difficulties of achieving positive relations between cultural groups is recognized, and that a focus on intercultural relations should be prevention of hostility rather than reducing violent conflict after it has occurred.
Keywords
Group-dynamics; Behavior-patterns; Emotional-stress; Sociological-factors; Sociology; Humans; Psychological-factors; Psychological-reactions; Psychological-responses
Publication Date
20051101
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
worchel@hawaii.edu
Funding Amount
128800
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2006
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-T02-OH-008627
Issue of Publication
6
ISSN
1873-7552
Source Name
International Journal of Intercultural Relations
State
HI
Performing Organization
University of Hawaii at Hilo
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