Associations of patella lead with polymorphisms in the vitamin D receptor, delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase and endothelial nitric oxide synthase genes.
Theppeang-K; Schwartz-BS; Lee-BK; Lustberg-ME; Silbergeld-EK; Kelsey-KT; Parsons-PJ; Todd-AC
J Occup Environ Med 2004 Jun; 46(6):528-537
A cross-sectional analysis was performed to evaluate associations of polymorphisms in the vitamin D receptor (VDR), delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase (ALAD), and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) genes with patella lead concentrations in 652 lead workers in the Republic of Korea. There was a wide range of patella lead (from below detection limit to 946 microg Pb/g bone mineral), with a mean (standard deviation) of 75.2 (101.0). There were no associations of ALAD or eNOS genotypes with patella lead, but workers with the VDR B allele had significantly (P value < 0.05) higher patella lead (on average, 25% or approximately 6.6 microg Pb/g bone mineral) than lead workers with the VDR bb genotype. There was evidence that the relation between age and patella lead was modified by both the VDR and eNOS genotypes.
Lead-absorption; Humans; Exposure-levels; Exposure-limits; Occupational-hazards; Occupational-health; Workers; Blood-analysis; Blood-cells; Biomarkers; Age-factors; Bone-structure; Humans; Men; Women
Andrew C. Todd, PhD, The Mount Sinai School of Medicine, Department of Community and Preventive Medicine, 1 Gustave L. Levy Place, Box 1057, New York, NY 10029
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Johns Hopkins University