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2008 Injuries to adults on racial minority-operated farms: occupational injuries to adults on racial minority farms in the United States, 2003 and 2008.

Authors
National Agricultural Statistics Service
Source
Agric Saf 2010 Aug; :1-3
NIOSHTIC No.
20037991
Abstract
In 2003, an estimated 1,639 work-related injuries occurred to adults 20 years of age and older working on 56,900 racial minority-operated farms in the United States, for a rate of 2.9 injuries per 100 farms. These injuries occurred to farm operators, farm family members, hired farm workers, and unpaid adult visitors working on the farm operation in 2003. In 2008, while the estimated number of injuries increased to 2,053 on 85,250 racial minority-operated farms, the injury rate declined to 2.4 injuries per 100 farms. These findings are based on two separate telephone surveys of racial minority-operated farms conducted by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) for the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). Farm operators were asked questions about injuries to adults 20 years of age and older working on their farms in both surveys. An injury was defined as any condition occurring on the farm operation resulting in at least 4 hours of restricted activity or requiring professional medical attention. Males accounted for the majority of the injuries reported in both surveys: 1,160 agricultural-related work injuries occurred to males in 2003, while 1,471 injuries occurred to males in 2008. In both years, adults 45 to 54 years of age incurred the greatest proportion of the injuries: 24 percent in 2003 and 31 percent in 2008. Individuals under the age of 35 years incurred less than 15 percent of all adult farm injuries on these racial minority-operated farms in both survey years. By specific racial categories, farms operated by Native Americans reported the highest number of injuries in both 2003 (574 injuries) and 2008 (1,062 injuries). Overall, the number of injuries per 100 farms decreased from 2003 to 2008 for each of the four racial categories examined. Asian-operated farms had the largest decline going from 5.6 injuries per 100 farms in 2003 down to 2.5 injuries per 100 farms in 2008. For both 2003 and 2008, adults living in the farm household accounted for most of the reported injuries. In 2003 household adults account for 68 percent of all work-related injuries, while in 2008 household adults accounted for almost 78 percent of these injuries. In 2003, household adults were injured at a rate of 8.1 injuries per 1,000 household adults (981 total injuries). In 2008, the rate of injury for household adults increased to 10.2 injuries per 1,000 household adults (1,527 total injuries). Of the household adult injuries in 2003, 26 percent were to adults 45 to 54 years of age, with 30 percent occurring to people 55 years of age and older. The age distribution for the injuries to household adults in 2008 was 34 percent for adults 45 to 54 years of age, with an additional 47 percent occurring to those 55 years of age and older.
Keywords
Agricultural-industry; Agriculture; Questionnaires; Injuries; Accident-rates; Accidents; Accident-statistics; Statistical-analysis; Surveillance
Publication Date
20100805
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
nass@nass.usda.gov
Funding Type
Interagency Agreement
Fiscal Year
2010
NTIS Accession No.
PB2010-114482
NTIS Price
A01
ISSN
2156-3454
NIOSH Division
DSR
Priority Area
Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing
Source Name
Agricultural Safety
State
WV; DC
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