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Alcohol violations and aviation accidents: findings from the U.S. mandatory alcohol testing program.

Authors
Li-G; Baker-SP; Qiang Y; Rebok-GW; McCarthy-ML
Source
Aviat Space Environ Med 2007 May; 78(5):510-513
NIOSHTIC No.
20037897
Abstract
INTRODUCTION: Mandatory alcohol testing has been implemented in the U.S. aviation industry since 1995. This study documents the prevalence of alcohol violations and the association between alcohol violations and aviation accidents among aviation employees with safety-sensitive functions. METHODS: Data from the random alcohol testing and post-accident alcohol testing programs reported by major airlines to the Federal Aviation Administration for the years 1995 through 2002 were analyzed. A violation was defined as an alcohol level of > or = 0.04% or a refusal to submit to testing. Relative and attributable risks of accident involvement associated with alcohol violations were estimated using the case-control method. RESULTS: During the study period, random alcohol testing yielded a total of 440 violations, with an overall prevalence rate of 0.09% and a prevalence rate of 0.03% for flight crews. Alcohol violations were associated with an increased yet not statistically significant risk of accident involvement (odds ratio 2.56, 95% confidence interval 0.81-7.08) and were attributed to 0.13% of aviation accidents. DISCUSSION: Alcohol violations among U.S. major airline employees with safety-sensitive functions are rare and play a negligible role in aviation accidents.
Keywords
Accidents; Aircrews; Airport-personnel; Airports; Alcoholic-beverages; Humans; Men; Women; Risk-factors; Ethanols; Epidemiology; Occupational-health; Author Keywords: Accident; Alcohol; Aviation; Epidemiology; Occupational safety
Contact
Dr. Guohua Li, Department of Emergency Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 5801Smith Avenue, Davis Building, Suite 3220, Baltimore, MD 21209
CODEN
ASEMCG
Publication Date
20070501
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
ghli@jhmi.edu
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2007
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-T42-OH-008428
Issue of Publication
5
ISSN
0095-6562
Source Name
Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine
State
MD; VA
Performing Organization
Johns Hopkins University
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