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Safety climate and self-reported injury: assessing the mediating role of employee safety control.

Authors
Huang-YH; Ho-M; Smith-GS; Chen-PY
Source
Accid Anal Prev 2006 May; 38(3):425-433
NIOSHTIC No.
20037862
Abstract
To further reduce injuries in the workplace, companies have begun focusing on organizational factors which may contribute to workplace safety. Safety climate is an organizational factor commonly cited as a predictor of injury occurrence. Characterized by the shared perceptions of employees, safety climate can be viewed as a snapshot of the prevailing state of safety in the organization at a discrete point in time. However, few studies have elaborated plausible mechanisms through which safety climate likely influences injury occurrence. A mediating model is proposed to link safety climate (i.e., management commitment to safety, return-to-work policies, post-injury administration, and safety training) with self-reported injury through employees' perceived control on safety. Factorial evidence substantiated that management commitment to safety, return-to-work policies, post-injury administration, and safety training are important dimensions of safety climate. In addition, the data support that safety climate is a critical factor predicting the history of a self-reported occupational injury, and that employee safety control mediates the relationship between safety climate and occupational injury. These findings highlight the importance of incorporating organizational factors and workers' characteristics in efforts to improve organizational safety performance.
Keywords
Work-environment; Workers; Safety-measures; Safety-practices; Employee-health; Occupational-safety-programs; Occupational-health; Injury-prevention; Accident-prevention; Author Keywords: Safety climate; Employee safety control; Workplace injury
Contact
Yueng-Hsiang Huang, Liberty Mutual Research Institute for Safety, 71 Frankland Road, Hopkinton, MA 01748, USA
CODEN
AAPVB5
Publication Date
20060501
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
Yueng-hsiang.Huang@Libertymutual.com
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2006
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-T42-OH-008428
Issue of Publication
3
ISSN
0001-4575
Source Name
Accident Analysis and Prevention
State
CO; MA; MD
Performing Organization
Johns Hopkins University
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