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Review of occupational hazards associated with aquaculture.

Authors
Myers-ML
Source
J Agromed 2010 Oct; 15(4):412-426
NIOSHTIC No.
20037771
Abstract
Aquaculture is an emerging sector that is associated with most of the same hazards that are present in agriculture generally, but many fish farming tasks entail added danger, including working around water and working at night. Comprehensive studies of these hazards have not been conducted, and substantial uncertainty exists as to the extent of these hazards. The question addressed in this investigation was, "What is known about potential hazardous occupational exposures to aquatic plant and animal farmers?" In this review, causes of death included drowning, electrocution, crushing-related injury, hydrogen sulfide poisoning, and fatal head injury. Nonfatal injuries were associated with slips, trips, and falls; machines; strains and sprains; chemicals; and fires. Risk factors included cranes (tip over and power line contact), tractors and sprayer-equipped all-terrain vehicles (overturn), heavy loads (lifting), high-pressure sprayers, slippery surfaces, rotting waste (hydrogen sulfide production), eroding levees (overturn hazard), storm-related rushing water, diving conditions (bends and drowning), nighttime conditions, working alone, lack of training, lack of or failure to use personal flotation devices, and all-terrain vehicle speeding. Other hazards included punctures or cuts from fish teeth or spines, needlesticks, exposure to low temperatures, and bacterial and parasitic infections .
Keywords
Aquatic-working-environment; Agriculture; Agricultural-workers; Agricultural-industry; Farmers; Occupational-hazards; Occupational-accidents; Occupational-exposure; Injuries; Accidents; Risk-factors; Author Keywords: Aquaculture; exposures; fish farming; hazards; risk factors
Contact
Melvin L. Myers, 4916 Holland View Drive, Flowery Branch, GA 30542, USA
Publication Date
20101001
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
melvinmyers@charter.net
Funding Type
Agriculture; Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
2011
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U50-OH-007547
Issue of Publication
4
ISSN
1059-924X
Priority Area
Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing
Source Name
Journal of Agromedicine
State
KY; GA
Performing Organization
University of Kentucky
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