Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

Pilot error in air carrier mishaps: longitudinal trends among 558 reports, 1983-2002.

Authors
Baker-SP; Qiang-Y; Rebok-GW; Li-G
Source
Aviat Space Environ Med 2008 Jan; 79(1):2-6
NIOSHTIC No.
20037722
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Many interventions have been implemented in recent decades to reduce pilot error in flight operations. This study aims to identify longitudinal trends in the prevalence and patterns of pilot error and other factors in U.S. air carrier mishaps. METHOD: National Transportation Safety Board investigation reports were examined for 558 air carrier mishaps during 1983-2002. Pilot errors and circumstances of mishaps were described and categorized. Rates were calculated per 10 million flights. RESULTS: The overall mishap rate remained fairly stable, but the proportion of mishaps involving pilot error decreased from 42% in 1983-87 to 25% in 1998-2002, a 40% reduction. The rate of mishaps related to poor decisions declined from 6.2 to 1.8 per 10 million flights, a 71% reduction; much of this decrease was due to a 76% reduction in poor decisions related to weather. Mishandling wind or runway conditions declined by 78%. The rate of mishaps involving poor crew interaction declined by 68%. Mishaps during takeoff declined by 70%, from 5.3 to 1.6 per 10 million flights. The latter reduction was offset by an increase in mishaps while the aircraft was standing, from 2.5 to 6.0 per 10 million flights, and during pushback, which increased from 0 to 3.1 per 10 million flights. CONCLUSIONS: Reductions in pilot errors involving decision making and crew coordination are important trends that may reflect improvements in training and technological advances that facilitate good decisions. Mishaps while aircraft are standing and during pushback have increased and deserve special attention.
Keywords
Air-transportation; Accident-prevention; Humans; Accidents; Flight-personnel; Statistical-analysis
Contact
Professor Susan P. Baker, M.P.H., Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 624 N Broadway, Baltimore, MD 21205
CODEN
ASEMCG
Publication Date
20080101
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
sbaker@jhsph.edu
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2008
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-T42-OH-008428
Issue of Publication
1
ISSN
0095-6562
Source Name
Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine
State
MD; NY; VA
Performing Organization
Johns Hopkins University
TOP