Causes, nature, and outcomes of work-related injuries to adolescents working at farm and non-farm jobs in rural Minnesota.
Munshi-K; Parker-DL; Bannerman-Thompson-H; Merchant-D
Am J Ind Med 2002 Aug; 42(2):142-149
Background: Although there are many studies on working adolescents, information on youth who simultaneously hold jobs on both a farm and in other sectors of the economy is lacking. Methods: Six high schools in rural Minnesota were evaluated for adolescent work practices and injury incidence. A 20-page self-administered survey was administered to students. Results: A total of 2,250 students completed the survey, representing 92% of the student body. Students that simultaneously hold both farm and non-farm jobs have a significantly higher proportion of injuries. However, annual injury rates are highest for those working in non-farm only (26.7/100 full-time equivalents, FTEs) or farm only (25.9/100 FTEs) employment when compared with those working simultaneously in farm and non-farm jobs (21.9/100 FTEs). Conclusions: Many rural students employed simultaneously on farm and non-farm jobs work long hours and are at significant risk of work-related injury. The annual injury rates we estimated are higher than those reported in previous studies.
Age-factors; Age-groups; Agricultural-workers; Agriculture; Biohazards; Biological-effects; Children; Demographic-characteristics; Environmental-factors; Environmental-hazards; Epidemiology; Exposure-assessment; Families; Farmers; Health-surveys; Injury-prevention; Medical-surveys; Occupational-exposure; Occupational-hazards; Occupational-health-services; Occupational-safety-programs; Quantitative-analysis; Questionnaires; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Safety-measures; Safety-practices; Standards; Statistical-analysis; Surveillance-programs; Work-environment; Worker-health; Work-organization; Work-practices;
Author Keywords: child labor; farm youth; work hours; injury; agriculture; occupation; adolescents; youth
David L. Parker, Park Nicollet Health Services, Department of Occupational Medicine, 2001Blaisdell Ave S, Minneapolis, MN 55404
Cooperative Agreement; Grant
American Journal of Industrial Medicine