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The ground response curve and its impact on pillar loading in coal mines.

Authors
Esterhuizen-E; Mark-C; Murphy-MM
Source
Proceedings of the Third International Workshop on Coal Pillar Mechanics and Design, Morgantown, West Virgina, July 26, 2010. Pittsburgh, PA: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 2010 Jul; :121-129
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
20037610
Abstract
The response of the surrounding rock mass to the creation of mining excavations determines the ultimate load on a pillar support system. In conditions where the ground is relatively soft and weak, the full overburden weight can be transferred to the pillar system. However, in stiffer and stronger rocks, a greater portion of the overburden load is transferred to the unmined coal barriers or abutments, and the pillar stress is reduced. This paper makes use of numerical models to examine the interaction between typical pillar systems and the surrounding rock mass for weak and strong geological conditions at various spans and depths of cover. The concepts of structural failure and functional failure of pillars are used to assess pillar performance when pillars are deformed beyond their peak resistance. The results show that the span-to-depth ratio is an important factor in determining the pillar stress and the ultimate deformation of pillars. The ultimate pillar strain appears to be closely related to the functional success of pillar systems.
Keywords
Mining-industry; Underground-mining; Geology; Rock-mechanics; Room-and-pillar-mining; Risk-analysis; Stress; Structural-analysis; Ground-control; Ground-stability
Publication Date
20100726
Document Type
Conference/Symposia Proceedings
Fiscal Year
2010
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
NIOSH Division
OMSHR
Source Name
Proceedings of the Third International Workshop on Coal Pillar Mechanics and Design
State
PA; WV
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