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Children's agricultural injury: potential behavior-related risk factors.

Authors
Carlson-KF; Gerberich-SG; Alexander-BH; Masten-AS; Church-TR; Ryan-AD; Renier-CM
Source
Am J Epidemiol 2006 Jun; 163(11)(Suppl):S209
NIOSHTIC No.
20037598
Abstract
Objective: This study examines potential behavior-related risk factors for children's agricultural injury in a cohort of 32,602 farming and ranching households. Methods: The Regional Rural Injury Study - II was a population- based nested case-control study occurring in 1999 (phase 1) and 2001 (phase 2). Computer-assisted telephone interviews were used to collect demographic, exposure, and injury data for six-month recall periods. A total of 391 injured children (cases) and 1,625 randomly selected controls were identified for the current study.We estimated children's odds of injury by behavioral items and scores adapted from the Parent Observation of Child Adaptation (POCA) checklist and the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated using logistic regression, controlling for potential confounders by means of directed acyclic graphs. Results: Only individual POCA and CBCL items were associated with risk. Children who often or almost always got into fights (versus sometimes/almost never) had increased odds of injury (OR 1.9, CI 1.0, 3.6), as did those who broke rules (OR 2.0, CI 0.9, 4.2) or worked hard (OR 1.6, CI 1.0, 2.5). Children who sometimes/almost never were cautious (OR 1.4, CI 1.0, 2.0) or sometimes/ almost never planned carefully (OR 1.3, CI 1.0, 1.7) also had increased odds of injury. Conclusions: These results suggest that children's behavioral characteristics play a role in determining their risk of agricultural injury. Additional research could elucidate the mechanisms and suggest interventions.
Keywords
Age-factors; Age-groups; Agricultural-workers; Agriculture; Behavior; Behavior-patterns; Biological-systems; Children; Environmental-factors; Environmental-hazards; Epidemiology; Exposure-assessment; Exposure-levels; Exposure-methods; Families; Farmers; Injury-prevention; Occupational-exposure; Occupational-hazards; Psychological-factors; Psychological-reactions; Psychological-responses; Quantitative-analysis; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Safety-education; Safety-measures; Safety-practices; Standards; Statistical-analysis; Work-environment; Work-organization; Work-practices
CODEN
AJEPAS
Publication Date
20060601
Document Type
Abstract
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2006
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-T42-OH-008434
Issue of Publication
11
ISSN
0002-9262
Source Name
American Journal of Epidemiology
State
MN
Performing Organization
University of Minnesota Twin Cities
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