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An ergonomic comparison between mechanical and manual patient transfer techniques.

Authors
Silvia-CE; Bloswick-DS; Lillquist-D; Wallace-D; Perkins-MS
Source
Work 2002 Jul/Aug; 19(1):19-34
NIOSHTIC No.
20037555
Abstract
Multiple studies have concluded that manual patient transfer and repositioning techniques are a significant cause of low back injuries. The objective of this study was to compare the low back stresses resulting from the use of two different mechanical patient transfer assist devices with the use of traditional manual transfer techniques. The mechanical transfer systems used were the Barton Patient Transfer System and a Sling-Suspension Lift similar to a "Hoyer Lift". The back compressive forces derived using the Michigan 3D Static Strength Model (Version 4.0) and electromyography (EMG) of the muscles of the low back were compared. This study found that the mechanical assist devices placed less stress on the low back and were more desirable to use than the traditional manual techniques. The Barton System was found to be, in general, less hazardous and more preferred than the Sling Suspension Lift.
Keywords
Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Back-injuries; Health-care-personnel; Human-factors-engineering; Occupational-health; Hoisting-equipment; Hospital-equipment; Medical-equipment; Medical-personnel; Manual-lifting; Nurses
Contact
Donald S. Bloswick, Ph.D., P.E., CPE, University of Utah, Mechanical Engineering, 50 S. Central Campus Dr., Rm. 2202, Salt Lake City, UT 84112-9208
CODEN
WORKFK
Publication Date
20020701
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
bloswick@mech.utah.edu
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2002
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-T42-CCT-810426; Grant-Number-T42-OH-008414
Issue of Publication
1
ISSN
1051-9815
Source Name
Work
State
UT
Performing Organization
University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah
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