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Health and performance factors in health care shift workers.

Authors
DeMoss-C; McGrail-M Jr.; Haus-E; Crain-AL; Asche-SE
Source
J Occup Environ Med 2004 Dec; 46(12):1278-1281
NIOSHTIC No.
20037512
Abstract
Objectives: To assess the impact of shift work on health care workers. Subjects and Methods: A cross-sectional study assessed health and performance markers of 188 day and night shift nonphysician health care workers. Results: Night-shift workers were more likely to report difficulty with routine orders, lower energy levels, unpredictable work schedules, and sleep disturbance but no difference with injuries or motor vehicle crashes. A classification of day shift, night shift without unpredictable schedule or sleep problems, and night shift with unpredictable schedule or sleep problems revealed a trend of increased difficulty with routine orders, suggesting a dose response effect. Conclusions: Findings suggest an association with night shift health care workers and adverse health and performance markers. A higher-risk subgroup may benefit from targeted interventions to reduce potential adverse effects from shift work and improve health care delivery.
Keywords
Biohazards; Biological-effects; Biological-function; Biological-systems; Circadian-rhythms; Exposure-assessment; Exposure-levels; Exposure-methods; Health-care; Health-care-personnel; Risk-analysis; Shift-work; Shift-workers; Sleep-deprivation; Statistical-analysis
CODEN
JOEMFM
Publication Date
20040301
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2004
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-T42-OH-008434
Issue of Publication
12
ISSN
1076-2752
Source Name
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
State
MN
Performing Organization
University of Minnesota Twin Cities
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