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Measuring exposure to an elemental mercury spill - Dakota County, Minnesota, 2004.

Authors
Baker-BA; Herbrandson-C; Eshenaur-TE; Messing-RB
Source
MMWR 2005 Feb; 54(6):146-149
NIOSHTIC No.
20037501
Abstract
Elemental mercury spills can cause contamination of neighborhoods and homes and result in neurologic and kidney disorders in exposed persons who inhale mercury vapors. Often, however, difficulties exist in determining the magnitude of exposure and effectiveness of decontamination or in recognizing that reexposure has occurred. This report summarizes the response to an elemental mercury exposure that resulted in the decontamination of 48 persons and the subsequent analysis of blood and urine samples from 14 exposed youths aged 6--16 years. Data from these analyses suggest that 1) blood samples are more sufficiently acquired and can be used to evaluate recent acute exposure and 2) use of a real-time mercury vapor analyzer can help public health officials determine the magnitude of exposures and help prevent reexposures. In addition, demolition and waste-disposal firms and government agencies must take actions to ensure that elemental mercury is adequately secured before disposal.
Keywords
Age-factors; Age-groups; Biochemical-analysis; Biochemistry; Biohazards; Biological-effects; Biological-function; Biological-systems; Chemical-hypersensitivity; Chemical-reactions; Children; Dose-response; Epidemiology; Exposure-assessment; Exposure-levels; Exposure-methods; Inhalants; Inhalation-studies; Quantitative-analysis; Statistical-analysis; Toxic-effects; Vapors; Vapor-volume; Waste-disposal; Waste-disposal-systems; Water-analysis
CODEN
MMWRB6
CAS No.
7439-97-6
Publication Date
20050218
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2005
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-T42-OH-008434
Issue of Publication
6
ISSN
0892-3787
Source Name
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
State
MN
Performing Organization
University of Minnesota Twin Cities
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