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Occupational health hazards to first responders from clandestine methamphetamine labs.

Authors
McFadden-D; Kub-J; Fitzgerald-S
Source
Journal of Addictions Nursing 2006 Jan; 17(3):169-173
NIOSHTIC No.
20037486
Abstract
Methamphetamine is synthesized in clandestine drug labs from common household products and over-the-counter medications. Production methods involve numerous chemical reactions that can cause fire, explosion, and release of toxic gases and waste, thereby making these labs potential hazardous waste sites. First responders (fire fighters, police officers, and Emergency Medical Services personnel) are at risk for numerous health problems when they come in contact with clandestine methamphetamine labs during the course of their jobs, including eye and respiratory irritation, lung damage, burns, and violence perpetrated by methamphetamine producers and users. The objectives of this article are to review current literature on clandestine methamphetamine labs, describe methamphetamine production processes, describe the risks to first responders from the occupational health hazards generated by these labs, and, finally, discuss prevention strategies.
Keywords
Drug-abuse; Drugs; Chemical-reactions; Toxic-effects; Toxic-vapors; Occupational-hazards; Occupational-exposure; Fire-fighters; Police-officers; Emergency-responders; Author Keywords: Methamphetamine; Meth; Methamphetamine Production; Clandestine Drug Lab; Clan Lab; Illicit Drug Lab; Occupational Health Hazard; Methamphetamine Exposure
Contact
Diane McFadden, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N. Wolfe Street, Room W7503A, Baltimore, MD, 21205
Publication Date
20060101
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
dmcfadde@jhsph.edu
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2006
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-T42-OH-008428
Issue of Publication
3
ISSN
1088-4602
Source Name
Journal of Addictions Nursing
State
MD
Performing Organization
Johns Hopkins University
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