Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

Mortality in the Baltimore union poultry cohort: non-malignant diseases.

Authors
Johnson-ES; Yau-LC; Zhou-Y; Singh-KP; Ndetan-H
Source
Int Arch Occup Environ Health 2010 Jun; 83(5):543-552
NIOSHTIC No.
20037333
Abstract
Background: Workers in poultry plants have high exposure to a variety of transmissible agents present in poultry and their products. Subjects in the general population are also exposed. It is not known whether many of these agents cause disease in humans. If they do, we reason this would be readily evident in a highly exposed group such as poultry workers. We report here on mortality from non-malignant diseases in a cohort of poultry workers. Methods: Mortality was compared with that of the US general population, and with that of a comparison group from the same union. Risk was estimated by standardized mortality ratio, proportional mortality ratio, and directly standardized risk ratio. Results: Poultry workers as a group had an overall excess of deaths from diabetes, anterior horn disease, and hypertensive disease, and a deficit of deaths from intracerebral hemorrhage. Deaths from zoonotic bacterial diseases, helminthiasis, myasthenia gravis, schizophrenia, other diseases of the spinal cord, diseases of the esophagus and peritonitis were non-significantly elevated overall by all analyses, and significantly so in particular race/sex subgroups. Conclusions: Poultry workers may have excess occurrence of disease affecting several organs and systems, probably originating from widespread infection with a variety of microorganisms. The results for neurologic diseases could well represent important clues to the etiology of these diseases in humans. The small numbers of deaths involved in some cases limit interpretation.
Keywords
Disease-incidence; Disease-transmission; Exposure-assessment; Exposure-levels; Exposure-methods; Meat-handlers; Viral-diseases; Viral-infections; Infectious-diseases; Neurological-diseases; Mortality-data; Mortality-rates; Poultry-industry; Poultry-workers; Worker-health; Hypertension; Cardiovascular-disease; Bacterial-disease; Bacterial-infections; Author Keywords: Transmissible agents; Poultry slaughtering/processing; Viruses; Bacteria; Fumes; Neurologic diseases
Contact
Eric S. Johnson, Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Texas Health Science Center, 3500 Camp Bowie Blvd., Fort Worth, TX 76107
CODEN
IAEHDW
Publication Date
20100601
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
ejohnson@hsc.unt.edu
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2010
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-008071
Issue of Publication
5
ISSN
0340-0131
Source Name
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
State
TX; MD
Performing Organization
University of North Texas
TOP